Many business owners are apprehensive about Magento to Magento 2 migration due to the complexity. This guide helps you to plan and execute your Magento migration and reduce the associated cost and risks.

It’s official.

From June 2020, the support for Magento 1 ends.

And all the 4,20,000 stores that use Magento 1 have to migrate to Magento 2.

This is a common question from many store owners: why should I migrate to Magento 2? Of course, for the obvious benefits it offers.

Magento 2 offers a better user experience. It has advanced features like PWA integration, page builder, better database design, coding structure, and improved site experience.

Benefits of Magento 2 over Magento 1   

● Runs 20% faster than Magento 1.
● It provides more catalog page views in an hour.
● Processes 39% more orders in an hour.
● Allows concurrent product management and concurrent order management.
● More responsive and mobile-friendly.
● Better file structure.
● Enhanced security and better password management.
● Supports the latest PHP versions.
● Advanced content staging.
● More SEO-friendly.
● User-friendly dashboard.

Also, there will no longer be any upgrades for support for Magento 1. If you wish to get the latest eCommerce functionalities for your online store, then Magento to Magento 2 migration is mandatory.  

Here is a quick walkthrough to help you in the transition from Magento to Magento 2.

Before you begin the Magento to Magento 2 migration, ensure that the following is in place.

Checklist for Magento to Magento 2 migration

● Backup all the database of your Magento 1 store.
● Clone your Magento 1 store.
● Check the current themes, extensions, and custom codes for compatibility with Magento 2.   

● Analyze all store data and delete all the unwanted data.
● Install a data migration tool that meets the Magento system requirements.

Steps in Magento to Magento 2 migration – an overview

The migration process has the following five components:

● Install Magento 2
● Theme migration
● Extension and custom code migration
● Customizations migration
● Data migration

Let’s see what’s involved in each step.

Install Magento 2

The first step is to install the Magento 2. You can install it on a local host for a migration test or do a complete Magento 2 installation.

● You require a minimum of 2 GB of RAM and 24 GB+ SSD. If your system has a lower RAM, create a swap file.

Theme migration

Magento 2 provides enhanced store experience, and it is recommended that you use the Magento 2 themes. If you want to use the current themes, modify them to make it compatible with Magento 2. You can go for a custom theme with the help of the ‘Magento 2 front end developer guide’.

Extension and custom code migration

Review all your extensions and make a list of all the extensions you are currently using. The extensions of Magento 1 are not compatible with Magento 2. Buy the required compatible versions you need from the Magento Marketplace.

If you need to migrate the extensions, you can migrate the code using the ‘Magento Code Migration Toolkit’.

If required, you can develop your custom module using the Magento developer guide. A software application development expert can simplify the process.

Customizations migration

You might be using a custom code for your Magento 1 eCommerce store. Most of these will not have any compatibility issues. However, to make the migration successful, you can use the ‘Code Migration Toolkit’. You might find it helpful to seek help from a custom software development firm.

Data migration

This is the last and crucial step of the process. You must migrate all the data and settings into Magento 2. It includes crucial data like products, orders, and store configuration. Utilize the ‘Magento Data Migration Tool’ to migrate the store data using CLI commands.

Magento migration is not a simple procedure. You can consider the support of an eCommerce application development service provider to make the task easy.
After the migration, test your Magento 2 store to ensure that there are no bugs. Consider the expected volume of traffic for your store in a day and carry out the tests accordingly so that your store handles its day-to-day traffic with no downtime.